Monthly Archives: September 2012


China’s challenging 2015 RE targets

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China’s twelve five-year plan set new targets for RE development towards 2015.

The plan include the following goals for 2015:

  1. RE should cover 9.5% of the total energy consumption
  2. RE should cover more than 20% of the total electricity production
  3. RE should play a significant role in the heating sector
  4. RE should be promoted by establishing 30 energy micro-grid demonstration projects, 100 New Energy cities, and 200 Green Energy Counties.

Let us look more at the targets for the power sector.

In 2015, the dominent RE source for power generation will be hydro power, covering around 76% of the total RE electricity generation. Wind energy will cover 16%, biomass power 6% and solar power 2%.

The 12-5 plan only present targets for 2015, not the years from 2011. But if you assume that the RE-development in % should be the same in the years to come, you get the following picture when focusing on wind energy, solar energy and biomass energy.


It is clear that wind power will continue to be the main provider of electricity, but actually the growth in deployment of wind will be significantly lower than in the last 5 year. In average the growth rate will be 27% for the years to 2015. More impressive is the targets for solar energy. Here the target is more than 2600% each year. Below are the development targets shown for each technology, including hydro power.


Until now the RE-development has surpassed all targets. But it might be a more challenging task to fulfill the new targets in the 12-5 plan. A number of barriers have to be removed in order to implement the 2015 targets:

For wind power and large scale solar power the integration into the energy systems are the most challenging task. Incentives for more flexible power plants, faster and better grid connection, wind turbines more suited for grid integration are some of the urgent measures.

For distributed energy like solar roof-top installations the regulatory framework, including feed-in tarifs (or net-meetering) and regulation for the grid companies on how to include local power production need to be in place.

And in general the massive development of RE technologies supported by economic incentives will soon drain the national support funding schemes and will require changes in the Renewable Energy Fund or additional funding sources.

The previous years have shown a clear will from both national and local governments to remove barriers for renewable energy, and I am quite confident that this will also happen in the years to come. However, the solutions should be implemented soon, if the RE development should continue in the expected pace.

A leaflet on the 12-5 plan RE-development is available in at




9th international summit on Solar and Wind Energy in Western China

Grid Integration of RE – lessons learnt from Europe

This week I had the pleasure to visit the International Solar Energy Center (ISEC) in Lanzhou in Gansu and give a presentation ath the 9th International Summit on Solar and Wind Energy in Western China. The presentation gives a short overview of flexible energy systems and the latest development in trans-national grid planning in Europe.

The main messages are

  1. Flexible thermal power plant and flexible operation of the electricity and heating systems are key to integration of fluctuating wind and solar energy
  2. Institutional and economical barriers are serious challenges for a flexible energy system in China
  3. European experiences from the use of visions, scenarios and market studies before more detailed assessment of new grid project could be transferred to a Chinese context
  4. The challenges regarding grid planning and grid development in Europe and China are quite similar and mutual exchange of experience and solution would be benificial.

Find the presentation here: RE_integration_July_2012


China Renewable Energy Information Portal launched

CNREC has recently launched a new information portal for renewable energy information in China and abroad. Check it out here in Chinese or here in English.

The portal will be updated frequently with new information. Already now the Chinese portal includes a library of publications and pictures.

Ideas for content and improvements of the portal are more than welcome. Send an email to with your comments.

PS: A long summer has past without activity on the blog. The autumn and winter ahead will hopefully leave time for more blogging activities on China Energy Viewpoint. So use the RSS feed to follow this blog in the future!